Dalai Lama dispute could keep India from UN Security Council
By Jawed Naqvi
10 April 2017

NEW DELHI (Dawn/ANN News Desk) - India's ongoing disputes with China over the Dalai Lama could keep it from achieving a permanent seat on the UN security council. 

India’s goal of becoming a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council with veto rights could be compromised by souring relations with China over the Dalai Lama, say analysts and diplomats. 

Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj discussed India’s future at the UN on Thursday, saying that permanent members Russia, France, the United States, and the United Kingdom all endorse India’s. China had yet to voice support, which may be due to ongoing conflicts. 

Tensions between India and China periodically flare up. Both countries were most recently at odds over the visit of the Dalai Lama over his recent trip to Arunachal Pradesh in northeast India. 

Beijing claims the state as its own territory and has warned that India is damaging the already fraught Sino-Indian ties.

India officially regards Tibet as an autonomous region of China, but as the Dalai Lama toured Arunachal Pradesh, Chief Minister Pema Khandu stoked further tension by saying that his state shares a border with “Tibet and not China,” according to NDTV. 

The Dalai Lama has lived in India since 1959 and runs a government-in-exile in Dharamsala. 

India has also opposed the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor claiming that it passes through the disputed territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

Within the UN, India has lobbied for greater reform of the Security Council that would see expansion of its permanent and non-permanent membership. 

The Security Council is the most powerful body of the United Nations and has the power to sanction member states, authorise military intervention, and establish peacekeeping operations. 

Critics of the Security Council point out that is membership reflects global power distribution at the end of World War II, when it was founded, rather than present day realities. 

India, Japan, Germany and Brazil have all been cited as potential candidates as permanent members with veto power. 

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