July 23, 2019
Revising Japan’s pacifist constitution was one of Abe’s campaign promises.
Following the results of the upper house election on Sunday in which the ruling coalition of the Liberal Democratic Party and Komeito won more than a majority of the contested seats, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who is also president of the LDP, will focus on the implementation of his campaign promises.
Abe aims to hold a national referendum on constitutional revision by September 2021, when his tenure as LDP president expires.
The government will also start full-fledged discussions on how to deal with a U.S.-proposed coalition of the willing to guard the Strait of Hormuz in the Middle East.
Abe held talks with Komeito leader Natsuo Yamaguchi at the Prime Minister’s Office on Monday afternoon to confirm that the ruling coalition will take all possible measures to manage the administration on a stable foundation, as the coalition holds a majority in both chambers in the Diet.
Regarding launching the process in the Diet and referendum on constitutional revision, Abe said on television programs Sunday night, “Although there is no particular deadline, I really want to somehow realize them during my term.”
The ruling coalition, Nippon Ishin no Kai and independents, all favorable to amending the Constitution, failed in the election to reach two-thirds, or 164, of the total seats of the upper house that is required to initiate the amendment. This makes it necessary for Abe to obtain cooperation from opposition parties.
“It is important for each party to present its own views at the commissions on the Constitution, hold constructive discussions, and lead to nationwide discussions,” Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga told a news conference held Monday morning.
The Democratic Party for the People has expressed its willingness to discuss the Constitution. At the Diet’s extraordinary session this autumn or later, the LDP is hoping to reach an agreement with a large number of lawmakers through discussions on the commissions.
The immediate task for the administration is to deal with a coalition of the willing to ensure the safety of the Strait of Hormuz. “We are listening to what the U.S. side says about the plan,” Abe said on a television program on Sunday. “First of all, I want to have a clear understanding of it.”
Meanwhile, Shotaro Yachi, secretary general of the National Security Secretariat, held talks with U.S. national security adviser John Bolton at the Prime Minister’s Office on Monday morning. They confirmed that they would cooperate closely.